New from Third Sector Research Centre is Briefing Paper 136: ‘Blending, Braiding and Balancing: Combining formal and informal modes of social action’.
Its introduction says
The interplay between formal and informal ways of organising for collective action generates several tensions and anomalies; some reflecting power differentials, others due to cultural differences. Formal procedures and structures tend to be regarded by policy makers and public officials as the optimal or default mode. This paper questions that view, arguing that informal processes are crucial and beneficial for inclusive community participation at grassroots level.